What is Coronaviruses?
Coronaviruses (CoV) is a broad family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been earlier identified in humans.
How it Spread?
Coronaviruses transmit between animals and people. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was spread from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Many known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
Common signs of infection
Respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, difficulties in breathing. In more serious cases, an infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.
Symptoms Cold-like symptoms usually set in from 3–4 days after a Coronavirus infection and are typically mild. However, symptoms vary from person-to-person, and some forms of the virus can be life-threatening.
5.Fever in rare cases
Scientists cannot easily develop human coronaviruses in the laboratory. This makes it difficult to measure the impact of the coronavirus on public health.
There is no treatment in medical science, so
Treatments include self-care and OTC medication. People can take several steps, including:
1.Resting and avoiding overexertion
2.Drinking enough water
3.Avoiding smoking and smoky areas
4.Taking ibuprofen, or Naproxen for pain and fever
5.Using a clean cool mist vaporizer and humidifier.
6.Wash hands before & after having meal.
9.Avoid places with rush.
10.Disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
To disinfect:Most common EPA-registered household disinfectants will work. Use disinfectants appropriate for the surface.
Options include: Diluting household bleach.
To make a bleach solution, mix: 5 tablespoons (1/3rd cup) bleach per gallon of water. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for application and proper ventilation. Check to ensure the product is not past its expiration date. Never mix household bleach with ammonia or any other cleanser. Unexpired household bleach will be effective against coronaviruses when properly diluted.
Alcohol solutions. Ensure solution has at least 70% alcohol. Other common EPA-registered household disinfectants. Products with EPA-approved emerging viral pathogens external icon claims are expected to be effective against COVID-19 based on data for harder to kill viruses. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for all cleaning and disinfection products (e.g., concentration, application method and contact time, etc.).
Coronaviruses belong to the subfamily Coronavirinae in the family Coronaviridae.
Different types of human coronaviruses vary in how severe the resulting disease becomes, and how far they can spread. Doctors currently recognize seven types of coronavirus that can infect humans.
Common types include:
229E (alpha coronavirus)
NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
OC43 (beta coronavirus)
HKU1 (beta coronavirus)
Rarer strains that cause more severe complications include MERS-CoV, which causes Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and SARS-CoV, the virus responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). In 2019, a dangerous new strain called SARS-CoV-2 started circulating, causing the disease COVID-19 powered by Rubicon Project.
Limited research is available on how HCoV spreads from one person to the next. However, researchers believe that the viruses transmit via fluids in the respiratory system, such as mucus.
Coronaviruses can spread in the following ways:
Coughing and sneezing without covering the mouth can disperse droplets into the air.
Touching or shaking hands with a person who has the virus can pass the virus between individuals.
Making contact with a surface or object that has the virus and then touching the nose, eyes, or mouth.
Some animal coronaviruses, such as feline coronavirus (FCoV), may spread through contact with feces. However, it is unclear whether this also applies to human coronaviruses.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) suggest that several groups of people have the highest risk of developing complications due to COVID-19.
These groups include:
2.People aged 65 years or older
3.Women who are pregnant
4.Coronaviruses will infect most people at some time during their lifetime.
5.Coronaviruses can mutate effectively, which makes them so contagious.
To prevent transmission, people should stay at home and rest while symptoms are active. They should also avoid close contact with other people. Covering the mouth and nose with a tissue or handkerchief while coughing or sneezing can also help prevent transmission. It is important to dispose of any tissues after use and maintain hygiene around the home.
In 2019, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) started monitoring the outbreak of a new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, which causes the respiratory illness now known as COVID-19. Authorities first identified the virus in Wuhan, China. More than 74,000 people have contracted the virus in China. Health authorities have identified many other people with COVID-19 around the world, including many in the United States. On January 31, 2020, the virus passed from one person to another in the U.S. The World Health Organization (WHO) have declared a public health emergency relating to COVID-19. Since then, this strain has been diagnosed in several U.S. residents. The CDC have advised that it is likely to spread to more people. COVID-19 has started causing disruption in at least 25 other countries. The first people with COVID-19 had links to an animal and seafood market. This fact suggested that animals initially transmitted the virus to humans. However, people with a more recent diagnosis had no connections with or exposure to the market, confirming that humans can pass the virus to each other. Information on the virus is scarce at present. In the past, respiratory conditions that develop from coronaviruses, such as SARS and MERS, have spread through close contacts. On February 17, 2020, the Director-General of the WHO presented at a media briefing the following updates on how often the symptoms of COVID-19 are severe or fatal, using data from 44,000 people with a confirmed diagnosis: Symptoms vary from person-to-person with COVID-19. It may produce few or no symptoms. However, it can also lead to severe illness and may be life-threatning. No vaccine is currently available for COVID-19. However, scientists have now replicated the virus. This could allow for early detection and treatment in people who have the virus but are not yet showing symptoms.
SARS was a contagious disease that developed after infection by the SARS-CoV coronavirus. Typically, it led to a life threatening form of pneumonia. During November 2002, the virus started in the Guangdong Province in southern China, eventually reaching Hong Kong. From there, it rapidly spread around the world, causing infections in more than 24 countries. SARS-CoV can infect both the upper and lower respiratory tracts. The symptoms of SARS develop over the course of a week and start with a fever. Early on in the condition, people develop flu-like symptoms, such as:
6.Pneumonia, a severe lung infection, usually develops. At its most advanced stage, SARS causes failure of the lungs, heart, or liver.
According to the CDC, authorities marked 8,098 people as having contracted SARS. Of these, 774 infections were fatal. This equates to a mortality rate of 9.6%. Complications were more likely in older adults, and half of all people over 65 years of age who became ill did not survive. Authorities eventually controlled SARS in July 2003.
MERS spread due to the coronavirus known as MERS-CoV. Scientists first recognized this severe respiratory illness in 2012 after it surfaced in Saudi Arabia. Since then, it has spread to other countries. The virus has reached the U.S., while the largest outbreak outside the Arabian Peninsula occurred in South Korea in 2015. Symptoms of MERS include fever, breathlessness, and coughing. The illness spreads through close contact with people who already have an infection. However, all cases of MERS have links to individuals recently returning from travel to the Arabian Peninsula. A 2019 study on MERS found that the disease is fatal in 35.2% of people who contract it. Public HealthFlu / Cold / SARSInfectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses 19 sources collapsed.
Regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
Take freshly mashed ginger, 3 peppercorns, cinnamon, elaichi, garlic cloves. Make a tea preparation out of it and drink it warm.
Take a glass of fresh carrot juice and add one tablespoon of raw coconut oil.
Boil water and add one tablespoon ajwain and inhale steam for five minutes. This steam will also help with the breakdown of mucus.
Take a tablespoon of pure raw honey plainly or add some of it to ginger tea.
All these home remedies can help deal with congestion in a big way. In this post, many people asked if honey can be added to anything hot, since recent reports suggested that honey turns toxic if it is taken with anything warm. Well, let us dispel this myth. When honey is added to something hot, it changes the composition of the honey and weakens its benefits, eliminating certain essential minerals. But when it is raw or at room temperature, it is more beneficial – however, that does not mean that it will get toxic and kill you when heated.